He was seen as vulnerable throughout his reign, particularly by elements of the nobility.
Claudius was constantly forced to shore up his position; this resulted in the deaths of many senators.
In 7 AD, Livy was hired to tutor him in history, with the assistance of Sulpicius Flavus.
He spent a lot of his time with the latter and the philosopher Athenodorus.
He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul, the first (and until Trajan, the only) Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy.
Because he was afflicted with a limp and slight deafness due to sickness at a young age, his family ostracized him and excluded him from public office until his consulship, shared with his nephew Caligula in 37.
His mother and grandmother quickly put a stop to it, and this may have convinced them that Claudius was not fit for public office.During his reign, Claudius revived the rumor that his father Drusus was actually the illegitimate son of Augustus, to give the appearance that Augustus was Claudius' paternal grandfather.In 9 BC, his father Drusus unexpectedly died on campaign in Germania, possibly from illness.He was a descendant of the Octavii Rufi (through Gaius Octavius), Julii Caesares (through Julia Minor and Julia Antonia), and the Claudii Nerones (through Nero Claudius Drusus); he was a great-nephew of Augustus through his full sister Octavia Minor, a nephew of Tiberius through his father Drusus, Tiberius' brother, an uncle of Caligula and finally a great-uncle of Nero through Caligula's father and Nero's grandfather Germanicus, his brother.Claudius was born on 1 August 10 BC at Lugdunum (modern Lyon, France). His mother, Antonia, may have had two other children who died young.